Friday, July 23, 2010

Rollo Rolf aka Robert I Duke of Normandy

Rollo the Brave, Duke of Normandy:
(Related to Frances Braden Hooks Hensel. Rollo is her 18th Great Grandfather)

Also known as Rollo I, Robert I Duke of Normandy, and even Rollo Count of Normandy. Some even consider he is also Hrolf Ganger ‘Hrolf the Walker’ Rolf the Walker, because, being so tall, he preferred to go afoot rather than ride the little Norwegian horses. He was born 870 in Norway, and died 931 in France.
My excitement when I finally managed to trace a line as far back as 870 was joyful to say the least, this is as far back as I have the Hensel family traced to Viking Invaders of Britain; Hengst & Horsa. Again I find various family trees either fighting with each other or against each other.

Rollo was a Danish Prince according to the Norman Dudo of Saint-Quentin ("De Moribus et Actis Primorum Normanniae Ducum"). Rollo, or Rolf, was the son of Rögnvald, Earl of Möre. Chronicle sources, which are not always reliable, note that he was exiled from Norway because of lawlessness; He was expelled from Norway for an act of depredation in Viking contrary to the King's commands, having descended on the coast between Norway and Goth land and carried off the cattle wanted by his crew. His mother pleaded in vain for him, but for this act Rollo was declared an outlaw probably about 900.

Rollo arrived in Gaul between 905 and 911. During these years he became famous, and stories about him circulated in his homeland. The possible founding of Normandy may have been a direct result of the difficulty they found themselves in when invading England, now that it was becoming more organized in resisting them. To allay these attacks, Charles the Simple, in 911 made a pact with the leader of the Vikings. Rollo's name figured prominently in the treaty between King Charles of France and the Seine Vikings. By that famous agreement, the Vikings received control of the territory at the mouth of the Seine in return for certain services to the King. Rollo himself was granted Upper Normandy (the territory between the Epte River and the sea), and he was converted to Christianity and baptized by the archbishop of Rouen. Rouen was the capital of the ecclesiastical province of Normandy, which Rollo's successors later added to their initial territory

The recent history of the islands can therefore be traced back quite clearly to Norman times and Islanders proudly state that their ancestors were part of Guillaume who conquered England in 1066, he became King William I as well as Duke of Normandy. However when King John lost the territory of Normandy to Philip II of France, the Channel Islands remained loyal to the English crown. In return for this loyalty, King John granted to the islands, certain rights and privileges in 1215, which enabled them to be virtually self-governing, subject only to Royal ascent and enactments through the Privy Council. In 1294 a large part of the Guernsey population were killed in French raids. In fact over the ensuing centuries, possession of the islands switched back and forth between the English and French six times. Large castles were built most of which still survive today.

The early Norman rulers consolidated their position by marriages with the first level of French noble families. At the same time, the early rulers clung to the Scandinavian tradition of concubinage: the mothers of Counts Richard I and Richard II were probably both of relatively obscure Viking descent and recorded by the chronicler Guillaume of Jumièges as having been married "à la Danoise". Back in 886 AD, Rollo’s group attacked Bayeaux, Brittany and killed their Count Berenger. He then took the Count’s daughter, Poppa, as his "Danish Wife". This common practice was accepted by laymen. The two contracting parties knew that if better social or political prospects appeared, such a marriage could be ended without a complex church divorce This appears to have presented no obstacle to their subsequent accession as dukes.

Rollo was renamed Robert and married princess Gisele, as part of the 911 treaty, Charles gave Rollo his daughter, Giselle, but there were no children from this marriage. Since there are no official records of this marriage, it is possible that Giselle was the 'Natural Daughter' of the King. Now he was the son-in-law of the King of France. When she died a few years later, he returned to a former mistress or à la Danoise": Poppa.

Rollo possibly had about fourteen children but the four known to us today were probably Poppa’s.

"Papie", "Poppa of Bayeux", "Poppe de Rennes", "Poppa de Valois", "Papia"Duchesse de Normandie, Hertiginna av Normandie, Papia de Valois, Duchess of Normandy.

All that is known of Poppa is that she was a Christian, and the daughter to Berengar of Rennes, the previous lord of what (Brittania Nova) became Normandy. They settled in Neustria in France at the beginning of the 10th Century, when King Charles the Simple conferred the duchy, since called Normandy on Rollo, the Dane, and the most celebrated of the Norman leaders. Thus Rollo's outlawry led to the establishment of the Dukes of Normandy, who became, through William the Conqueror, King of England, 5th in descent from Rollo. (Kin of Mellcene Thurman Smith, page 278)
The children of Rollo & Poppa:

Adele Hrólfsdóttir de Normandie (c.897 - 962)

Her original name was Geirlaug or Gerloc, but she was baptised in Rouen as Adela (or Adèle) in 912. She was the sister of Duke William Long sword.

In 935, she married William or Guillaume Towhead, the future count of Poitou and duke of Aquitaine. She gave him two children before dying on 14 October 962:

* William IV of Aquitaine

* Adelaide of Aquitaine, wife of Hugh Capet

She adopted the name ADELA when baptized. "Guillelmi comitis, Adeleidis comitisse" subscribed a charter recording a donation to Cluny dated [963][69]. Lothaire King of France granted her 14 Oct 962 the right to dispose of extensive property in Poitiers, la Cour de Faye, this grant effectively putting an end to the long dispute between her husband and the family of Hugues "Capet". She used the property to found the Monastery of Sainte-Trinité[70].

William 'Langaspjót' Guillaime 'Longue-Épeé' de Normandie, I (900 – 942

William I Longsword (French: Guillaume Longue-Épée, Latin: Willermus Longa Spata, Scandinavian: Vilhjálmr Langaspjót; 893 – 17 December 942) was the second Duke of Normandy from his father's death until his own assassination. The title dux (duke) was not in use at the time and has been applied to early Norman rulers retroactively; William actually used the title comes (count).

Little is known about his early years. He was born in Bayeux or Rouen. According to the William's planctus, he was baptized a Christian.

William succeeded Rollo sometime around 927. It appears that he faced a rebellion early in his reign; from Normans who felt he had become too Gallicised. Subsequent years are obscure. In 939 William became involved in a war with Arnulf I of Flanders, which soon became intertwined with the other conflicts troubling the reign of Louis IV. He was killed by followers of Arnulf while at a meeting to settle their conflict. His son Richard the Fearless, child of his first wife, Sprota, succeeded him. William also left a widow, Liègard (Liutgard), who died in 985.

Kadline, Niederga, Gerloc

Kathlin de Normandie (Robertsdottir) (893 - d.)

Crispina de de Normandie (Rognvaldsson) (900 – d

m. Grimaldus Prince de Monaco

Robert of Normandy, Count of Corbeil, Of Corbeil (Rolf) (c.895 - d.)

Adelheid de Bourgogne (b. – 1000

Gerletta Rolfsdottir (891 – 962

Rollo died about 931. According to the historian Adhemar, 'As Rollo's death drew near, he went mad and had a hundred Christian prisoners beheaded in front of him in honour of the gods whom he had worshipped, and in the end distributed a hundred pounds of gold around the churches in honour of the true God in whose name he had accepted baptism.' Even though Rollo had converted to Christianity, some of his prior religious roots surfaced at the end.

Frances Braden Hooks

Sargent Braden

Mary P Hancock

Samuel Hancock

Martin Hancock

Samuel Hancock

Samuel Hancock

Johanna Lygon

Johanna Lygon

Thomas Lygon

Thomas Lygon

William Lygon

Margaret Grenville

William Grenville

Richard Grenville

Richard Grenville

Hamon Aux Dentatus

Mauger Earl of Corbeil

Richard the I of Normandy

G DeNormandie ‘Long Sword”

Rollo Rolf

1 comment:

Karen Griffin said...

I, too, am a descendant of Hugh Capet and wife Adelaide, as well as Richard the Fearless, his father William Longsward, his father Rollo and his father Rognvald the Mighty, count of Maerc (probably Marak, Norway). I descended from Hugh Capet and and Adelaide. My father, a news editor in Chicago for two decades, traced the family tree through Hugh Capet's mother, St. Hedwig, daughter of Germany's Henry I and St. Matilda, a descendant of Saxon leader St. Widukind, who fought Charlemagne (also my ancestor through a separate line). My father was reputed to be a stickler for accuracy among his colleagues in journalism. Therefore, I trust his accuracy. My great aunt was a genealogist for the Daughters of the American Revolution. She traced the family tree through the English line back to the 14th Century. Dad did not find a single error in her work. He spent 30 years writing a very lengthy book on the family tree, which dates to the Roman occupation of Ireland. It has not yet been published. Karen Griffin (my maiden name)